But when they are refuted, they blaspheme him [Paul] by calling him a drunk. They go around chasing words and seize upon any that oppose those who drink wine in order to benefit their opinion, their made-up position, and they say that such is by nature something worthless. For, they say, “Noah drank wine and was stripped bare,” and they say, “Lot, after he drank, slept with his own daughters in ignorance, and the calf was made because of drunkenness.” And scripture says, “Who is confused? Who wants to fight? Who is odious and gossipy? Who is ruined for no reason? Whose eyes are inflamed? Isn’t it those who spend their time in wine? Isn’t it those who hunt for places where there are drinks?” And they hunt for other such things and heap them up together to persuade themselves, not understanding that all immoderation causes grief in every way, and is forbidden beyond measure. I would not only say this regarding wine, but regarding every craving.
ἀλλὰ ἐλεγχόμενοι βλασφημοῦσι τοῦτον μεθυστὴν καλοῦντες, εἰς ἑαυτῶν δὲ γνώμην καὶ παράστασιν μυθολογίας κατὰ τῶν πινόντων τὸν οἶνον ἐπιλαμβάνονταί τινα θηρολεκτοῦντες καί φασιν ἐκ τοῦ πονηροῦ τὸ τοιοῦτον εἶδος εἶναι· «ἔπιε, γάρ φησι, Νῶε ἀπὸ τοῦ οἴνου καὶ ἐγυμνώθη, καὶ Λώτ, φησί, μεθυσθεὶς θυγατράσιν ἰδίαις κατὰ ἄγνοιαν συνεμίγη καὶ διὰ μέθης γέγονεν ἡ μοσχοποιία· καί φησιν ἡ γραφή· τίνι θόρυβος; τίνι μάχαι; τίνι ἀηδίαι καὶ λέσχαι; τίνι συντρίμματα διὰ κενῆς; τίνος πελιδνοὶ οἱ ὀφθαλμοί; οὐ τῶν χρονιζόντων ἐν οἴνοις, οὐ τῶν ἐξιχνευόντων ποῦ πότοι γίνονται» [Prov 23.29–30]; καὶ ἄλλα τινὰ τοιαῦτα ἐξιχνεύοντες συσσωρεύουσι διὰ τὴν ἑαυτῶν πιθανότητα, οὐκ εἰδότες ὅτι πᾶν τὸ ἄμετρον πανταχῇ λυπηρὸν καὶ ἔξω τοῦ προκειμένου ἀπηγορευμένον ὑπάρχει. καὶ γὰρ οὐ μόνον ἐπὶ οἴνῳ τοῦτο εἴποιμ’ ἄν, ἀλλὰ καὶ ἐπὶ πάσῃ ἀπληστίᾳ.
—Epiphanius, Panarion 46.2.3–6